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What are Piles?

What are Piles?

Hemorrhoids, commonly known as piles, are a prevalent condition affecting millions of people worldwide. Despite their common occurrence, there is often a lack of awareness and understanding about this condition. In this blog post, we'll focus into the causes, types, and symptoms of hemorrhoids to provide clarity and insights for those dealing with this discomforting issue.

Posted on: 08 Mar 2024

Hemorrhoids, commonly known as piles, are a prevalent condition affecting millions of people worldwide. Despite their common occurrence, there is often a lack of awareness and understanding about this condition. In this blog post, we'll focus into the causes, types, and symptoms of hemorrhoids to provide clarity and insights for those dealing with this discomforting issue.

What are hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are swollen veins located in the lower rectum or anus. These veins can become swollen and inflamed due to various factors, leading to discomfort, pain, and sometimes bleeding.

Types of piles (Hemorrhoids):

There are two main types of hemorrhoids:

Internal Hemorrhoids:

These are located inside the rectum and are typically painless. However, they can cause bleeding during bowel movements.

External Hemorrhoids:

These occur under the skin around the anus. They can be painful and may cause itching and irritation.

Hemorrhoids are typically graded based on their severity, which helps in determining the appropriate treatment approach.

The commonly used grading system for hemorrhoids is the following:

Grade I: Hemorrhoids that bleed but do not prolapse (come out of the anal canal) are classified as Grade I hemorrhoids. They may cause painless bleeding during bowel movements.

Grade II: These hemorrhoids prolapse during a bowel movement but retract spontaneously. They may cause bleeding and discomfort.

Grade III: Hemorrhoids that prolapse during a bowel movement and require manual They may cause bleeding, discomfort, and may protrude outside the anus.

Grade IV: The most severe form of hemorrhoids, Grade IV hemorrhoids are prolapsed and cannot be pushed back inside the anal canal. They may cause significant pain, bleeding, and difficulty with hygiene.

Causes of Hemorrhoids:

Several factors can contribute to the development of hemorrhoids, including:

  • Straining during bowel movements.
  • Chronic constipation or diarrhea.
  • Prolonged sitting or standing.
  • Obesity or being overweight.
  • Pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Aging, as the tissues supporting the veins in the rectum and anus weaken

over time.

Symptoms of Hemorrhoids:

The symptoms of hemorrhoids can vary depending on the type and severity of the condition.

Below are some symptoms associated with piles that you should be aware of:

Anal itching:

Hemorrhoids can lead to significant itching around the anus, particularly if they are external.


The presence of swelling, which manifests as small balloon-like swellings in the anal area, is a common sign of hemorrhoids and can cause tenderness in the anus.

Anal pain:

 External piles often result in pain in the anal region, making bowel movements and sitting uncomfortable.


The passage of blood with stools can indicate the presence of internal piles.

Lumps near the anus:

The appearance of lumps on the anal surface, which may feel hard or tender, is a notable symptom of piles.

Slimy anal discharge:

An anal discharge that is slimy in nature can lead to staining of underwear or may be passed along with stool.

Sore skin on the anus:

Soreness of the skin around the anus or protruding skin after bowel movements is typically associated with hemorrhoids.


Complications associated with piles, medically referred to as hemorrhoids, encompass a spectrum of potential issues that can arise due to the inflammation, swelling, and enlargement of the blood vessels in the anal canal. These complications may include:

  1. Thrombosis: Occurs when a blood clot forms within the swollen hemorrhoidal veins, leading to severe pain, inflammation, and a palpable lump near the anus.
  2. Bleeding: Piles can cause bleeding during bowel movements, resulting in bright red blood in the stool or on toilet paper. Persistent bleeding can lead to anemia over time.
  3. Prolapse: In advanced cases, internal hemorrhoids may protrude outside the anal opening, causing discomfort, pain, and difficulty with hygiene. Prolapsed hemorrhoids may require manual reduction or medical intervention.
  4. Strangulation: When internal hemorrhoids prolapse and become trapped outside the anus, they may lose their blood supply, leading to tissue necrosis. This condition requires immediate medical attention.
  5. Infection: Piles can become infected due to scratching, irritation, or poor hygiene, resulting in symptoms such as fever, swelling, redness, and pus discharge. In severe cases, abscess formation may occur.
  6. Fissures and Fistulas: Chronic straining and irritation associated with piles can lead to the development of anal fissures (tears in the anal lining) or fistulas (abnormal tunnels between the anus and nearby skin), causing pain, bleeding, and infection.
  7. Chronic Pain and Discomfort: Persistent discomfort, itching, burning, and pain can significantly impair quality of life and interfere with daily activities, leading to psychological distress and decreased productivity.
  8. Anemia: Chronic bleeding from piles can result in iron deficiency anemia, characterized by symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, pale skin, shortness of breath, and dizziness.

Precautions for piles:

Precautions for piles (also known as hemorrhoids) can help manage symptoms and prevent flare-ups. Here are some general precautions to consider:

Maintain a High-Fiber Diet: Eating foods rich in fiber, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes, can soften stools and make them easier to pass, reducing strain during bowel movements.

Stay Hydrated: Drinking plenty of water helps keep stools soft, making them easier to pass and reducing the likelihood of constipation.

Regular Exercise: Engaging in regular physical activity can help promote regular bowel movements and prevent constipation, which can aggravate hemorrhoids.

Avoid Straining: Straining during bowel movements can worsen hemorrhoids. Take your time when using the bathroom and avoid pushing too hard.

Don't Delay Bowel Movements: Ignoring the urge to have a bowel movement can lead to constipation and further aggravate hemorrhoids. Respond promptly to your body's signals.

Practice Good Anal Hygiene: After bowel movements, gently clean the anal area with water or unscented, alcohol-free wipes to avoid irritation. Avoid using rough toilet paper.

Avoid Prolonged Sitting or Standing: Prolonged sitting or standing can put pressure on the anal area and exacerbate hemorrhoid symptoms. Try to take breaks and change positions regularly.

Avoid Heavy Lifting: Heavy lifting can strain the abdominal and pelvic muscles, increasing pressure on the veins in the rectal area. Avoid lifting heavy objects whenever possible.

Manage Weight: Being overweight or obese can increase the risk of developing hemorrhoids. Maintain a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular exercise.

How to treat piles without surgery?

Dr. Masood's Hemokit is a homeopathic medicine for piles and fissures, offers a non-surgical approach for the treatment of piles (hemorrhoids). To solve the common question that how to cure piles without operation? This therapeutic solution is designed to address the symptoms associated with hemorrhoids effectively. Utilizing a combination of natural ingredients and advanced formulations, Dr. Masood's Hemokit aims to alleviate pain, reduce inflammation, fissures due to constipation and promote the healing of hemorrhoidal tissues without the need for invasive surgical procedures.

Hemokit's reputation as the best drops for piles is founded on its proven efficacy, natural composition, and meticulous attention to quality, making it the preferred choice for those seeking optimal relief from the discomfort of hemorrhoids.

A very useful medicine by Dr. Masood Homoeopathic Pharmaceuticals.

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